The Ultimate Restoration of Israel

“Oh, give thanks to the Lord, for He is good! For His mercy endures forever” (Psalms 136:1).

It is evident from Scripture that Jesus Christ will return and reign in a real kingdom on earth for a literal 1,000 years.

My hope and prayer is that you will study the following and discover for yourself that God’s promise to Israel motivated Him to be merciful and compassionate toward the Israelites, not their goodness.

The Millennial Kingdom

“And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for [a] thousand years.But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection. Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years” (Rev 20:4-6).


I. After the Second Coming of Jesus Christ, the Abrahamic Covenant will be fulfilled in Rev. 20:4-6, which was given in Genesis to:

  • Abram: 12:1-3; 15:1-21
  • Abraham: 17:7, 8; 22:15-18
  • Isaac: 26:2-5
  • Jacob: 28:10-17

Now the Lord had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, from your family and from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed” (Gen. 12:1-3).

This is an everlasting covenant (Gen. 17:7, 8; 1 Chr. 16:17; Psa. 89:34-37, 105:7-12; Isa. 24:5; Jer. 31:35-36), containing elements:

  • Seed (Gen. 17:2-7; cf. Gal. 3:8-16, referring to Christ.
  • Land (Gen. 12:7, 13:14-17; 15:18-21; 17:8, 9; 35:10-12).
  • Nation (Gen. 12:2; 17:4).
  • Divine blessings and protection (Gen. 12:3).

“And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you. Also I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God” (Gen. 17:7-8).

References are throughout the Old Testament (Deut. 7:7, 8; 2 Kg. 13:23; 1 Chr. 16:15-22; Neh. 9:7, 8; and expounded upon by the Apostle Paul (Rom. 11:1-27; Gal. ch. 3, 4), shows God’s enduring mercy toward Israel.

II. Davidic Covenant fulfilled through his descendent, the coming Messiah who would establish David’s kingdom forever.

“When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men and with the blows of the sons of men. But My mercy shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever” (2 Sam. 7:12-16).

III. Isaiah’s description of Israel’s future kingdom are numerous:

  • The Future House of God (2:1-4)
  • The Renewal of Zion (4:2-6).
  • The Government of the Promised Son (9:1-7).
  • The Reign of Jesse’s Offspring (11:1-10).
  • The Reign of Righteousness (ch. 32).
  • The Future Glory of Zion (ch. 35).
  • The Servant of the Lord (ch. 42).
  • The Redeemer of Israel (ch. 43).
  • God’s Blessing on Israel (ch. 44).
  • Israel’s Salvation (45:17-25).
  • God’s Ancient Plan to Redeem Israel (48:12, 13, 16-19).
  • God Will Remember Zion (49:14-26).
  • The Sin-bearing Servant (52:13-53:12).
  • Zion’s Salvation (ch. 61-66).

“But Israel shall be saved by the Lord with an everlasting salvation; you shall not be ashamed or disgraced forever and ever…In the Lord all the descendants of Israel shall be justified, and shall glory” (Isa. 45:17, 25).

IV. Other Old Testament references to Israel’s restoration:

  • The Branch of Righteousness (Jer. 23:4-8)
  • Restoration of Israel and Judah (Jer. 30).
  • The Remnant of Israel Saved (Jer. 31:1-14).
  • The New Covenant (Jer. 31:31-34).
  • Excellence of the Restored Nation (Jer. 33:1-18).
  • The Permanence of God’s Covenant (Jer. 33:19-25).
  • The Great Shepherd (Eze. 34:11-31).
  • Showers of Blessings (Eze. 34:26).
  • Blessings on Israel (Eze. 36:1-15).
  • The Renewal of Israel (Eze. 36:16-32).
  • Israel’s Rebirth (Eze. ch. 37).
  • The Millennial Temple (Eze. ch. 40-48).
  • The Son of Man, who will reign over all things as the Regent of Almighty God (Dan. 7:13, 14).
  • The Seventy-Weeks Prophecy (Dan. 9:20-27).
  • Prophecy of the End Times (Dan. 12:1-3).
  • The Restoration of Israel (Hos. 1:10, 11).
  • God’s Mercy on His People (Hos. 2:14-23).
  • Israel’s Will Return to God (Hos. 3:1-5).
  • Israel Restored at Last (Hos. 14:1-9).
  • God Blesses His People (Joel 3:18-21).
  • Israel Will Be Restored (Amos 9:11-15).
  • Israel’s Final Triumph (Oba. 17, 21).
  • Israel Restored (Mic. 2:12-13).
  • The Lord’s Reign in Zion (Mic. 4:1-5).
  • Zion’s Future Triumph (Mic. 4:6-13).
  • God Will Forgive Israel (Mic. 7:14-20).
  • Joy in God’s Faithfulness (Zeph. 3:14-20).
  • The Shepherd Savior (Zech. 13:7-9).
  • The Day of the Lord (Zech. ch. 14; ch.12:10).
  • The Great Day of the Lord (Mal (4:1-3).

“Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah— not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them, says the Lord. But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will put My law in their minds, and write it on their hearts; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. No more shall every man teach his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they all shall know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them, says the Lord. For I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more” (Jere. 31:31-34).

V. Millennial Temple Sacrifices by Israel in Ezekiel:

  • Burnt, Sin & Guilt: 40:39
  • Grain & Peace: 45:15
  • Drink: 45:17

Like our Lord’s Supper looks back at Calvary, the Israelites will have their own memorial sacrifices that point to Christ for 1,000 years, since they have received their Messiah and are in His kingdom.

VI. Millennial Feasts by Israel in Ezekiel:

  • New Year: 45:18-20
  • Passover & Unleavened Bread: 45:21-24
  • Booths: 45:25

“And it shall come to pass that everyone who is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the Feast of Tabernacles” (Zech. 14:16).

VII. Restoration of Israel shows God’s mercy enduring forever:

  • Jesus inherited the Throne of David (Lk. 1:32, 33; cf. Psa. 2:8).
  • Zacharias prophesied God’s promised mercy (Lk. 1:67-75).
  • The Disciples longed for the Kingdom (Lk. 24:21; Acts 1:6; 3:21).
  • Jesus saw His kingdom reign (Matt. 6:10; 19:28; cf. 1 Cor. 6:2, 3).
  • Jesus withheld the Kingdom from
  • Israel, giving it to the Gentiles (Matt. 21:43; cf. Acts ch. 10).
  • Paul’s sorrow & prayer for Israel’s salvation (Rom. Ch. 9 & 10).
  • Paul’s explained Israel’s rejection not final, but a “mystery” (Rom. Ch. 11).
  • Israel’s blindness until the fulness of the Gentiles (Lk. 21:24; Rom. 11:25).
  • The Rapture of the Church (Jn. 14:1-3; 1 Cor. 15:50-58; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; 2 Cor. 5:1-10).
  • The Great Tribulation (Time of Jacob’s Trouble; Jer. 30:7; Rev. Ch. 6-18).
  • Second Coming (Day of the Lord): Dan. 7:13, 14; Zech. 14:4; Matt. 13:34-50; 24:29-44; 26:64; Rev. 19:11-21, the return of the Church to reign with King Jesus.
  • Sheep & Goat Judgment of the nations (Matt. 25:31-46; Zech. 13:7-9).
  • Satan bound (Rev. 20:1-6).
  • Millennial Kingdom (1,000 year reign, Rev. 20:1-6).
  • Satan’s Final Rebellion Crushed (Rev. 20:7--10).
  • Great White Throne Judgment (the final day of the Lord, 2 Pet. 3:10; Rev. 20:7-15).
  • The New Heaven and the New Earth (Rev. ch. 21, 22).

God’s Mercy for Everyone

“For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; For this is My covenant with them, When I take away their sins.”

Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers. For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. For as you were once disobedient to God, yet have now obtained mercy through their disobedience, even so these also have now been disobedient, that through the mercy shown you they also may obtain mercy. For God has committed them all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all.

Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How  unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out! “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become His counselor?” “Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?”

For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen” Romans 11:25-36.

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